AskDefine | Define entomological

Dictionary Definition

entomological adj : of or relating to the biological science of entomology; "entomological research" [syn: entomologic]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Adjective

  1. Of or pertaining to entomology

Extensive Definition

Entomology, from the Greek: entomo-/εντομο- "that which is cut in pieces or engraved/segmented", hence "insect"; and logos/λόγος, "knowledge", is the scientific study of insects. At some 1.3 million described species, insects account for more than 2/3rds of all known organisms,dating back some 400 million years, and have many kinds of interactions with humans and other forms of life on earth, so it is an important specialty within biology. Though technically incorrect, the definition is sometimes widened to include the study of terrestrial animals in other arthropod groups or other phyla, such as arachnids, myriapods, earthworms, and slugs.
Like several of the other fields that are categorized within zoology, entomology is a taxon-based category; any form of scientific study in which the organisms studied happen to be insects is, by definition, entomology. Entomology therefore includes a cross-section of topics as diverse as molecular genetics, behavior, biomechanics, biochemistry, systematics, physiology, developmental biology, ecology, morphology, paleontology, anthropology, robotics, agriculture, nutrition, and more.

History of entomology

Entomology is rooted in nearly all human cultures from prehistoric times, primarily in the context of agriculture (esp. biological control and beekeeping), but scientific study began only as recently as the 16th century . The list of entomologists through recorded history is enormous, and includes such notable figures as Charles Darwin, Vladimir Nabokov, Karl von Frisch (winner of the 1973 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine), and two-time Pulitzer Prize winner, E. O. Wilson. Entomology has even entered popular modern culture; Gil Grissom on the CSI: Crime Scene Investigation TV show is an entomologist, who is played by actor William Petersen. Similarly, Dr. Jack Hodgins of Bones helps his team by analyzing insects and "particulates" near to or attached to decomposed victims, often identifying the precise location a murder originally occurred; he allegedly has three Ph.D.'s, at least one of which is in entomology.

Identification of insects

Insects other than Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths) are typically identifiable only through the use of Identification keys and Monographs. Because the class Insecta contains a very large number of species and the characters separating them are unfamiliar, and often subtle (or invisible without a microscope), this is often very difficult even for a specialist.
Insect identification is an increasingly common hobby, with butterflies and dragonflies being the most popular.

Taxonomic specialization

Many entomologists specialize in a single order or even a family of insects, and a number of these subspecialties are given their own informal names, typically (but not always) derived from the scientific name of the group:

Museums

Many museums contain very large and important insect collections. Here is a list of some of the most important.

Europe

Canada

For further reading

  • Chiang, H.C. and G. C. Jahn 1996. Entomology in the Cambodia-IRRI-Australia Project. (in Chinese) Chinese Entomol. Soc. Newsltr. (Taiwan) 3: 9-11.
  • Davidson, E. 2006. Big Fleas Have Little Fleas: How Discoveries of Invertebrate Diseases Are Advancing Modern Science University of Arizona Press, Tucson, 208 pages, ISBN 0-8165-2544-7.
  • Triplehorn, Charles A. and Norman F. Johnson (2005-05-19). Borror and DeLong's Introduction to the Study of Insects, 7th edition, Thomas Brooks/Cole. ISBN 0-03-096835-6. — a classic textbook in North America.
  • Evolution of the Insects

External links

Footnotes

entomological in Bengali: কীটবিজ্ঞান
entomological in Breton: Amprevanoniezh
entomological in Bulgarian: Ентомология
entomological in Catalan: Entomologia
entomological in Chuvash: Энтомологи
entomological in Czech: Entomologie
entomological in Corsican: Entomologia
entomological in Danish: Entomologi
entomological in German: Insektenkunde
entomological in Dhivehi: އެންޓޮމޮލޮޖީ
entomological in Estonian: Entomoloogia
entomological in Spanish: Entomología
entomological in Esperanto: Entomologio
entomological in Persian: حشره‌شناسی
entomological in French: Entomologie
entomological in Friulian: Entomologjie
entomological in Korean: 곤충학
entomological in Hindi: कीटविज्ञान
entomological in Indonesian: Entomologi
entomological in Ossetian: Энтомологи
entomological in Icelandic: Skordýrafræði
entomological in Italian: Entomologia
entomological in Hebrew: אנטומולוגיה
entomological in Kannada: ಕೀಟಶಾಸ್ತ್ರ
entomological in Georgian: ენტომოლოგია
entomological in Latin: Entomologia
entomological in Latvian: Entomoloģija
entomological in Lithuanian: Entomologija
entomological in Limburgan: Insekkónde
entomological in Hungarian: Entomológia
entomological in Maltese: Entomoloġija
entomological in Malay (macrolanguage): Entomologi
entomological in Dutch: Entomologie
entomological in Japanese: 昆虫学
entomological in Norwegian: Entomologi
entomological in Norwegian Nynorsk: Entomologi
entomological in Occitan (post 1500): Entomologia
entomological in Polish: Entomologia
entomological in Portuguese: Entomologia
entomological in Romanian: Entomologie
entomological in Russian: Энтомология
entomological in Scots: Entomology
entomological in Simple English: Entomology
entomological in Slovenian: Entomologija
entomological in Finnish: Entomologia
entomological in Swedish: Entomologi
entomological in Tagalog: Entomolohiya
entomological in Tetum: Entomolojia
entomological in Thai: กีฏวิทยา
entomological in Vietnamese: Côn trùng học
entomological in Tajik: Энтомология
entomological in Turkish: Entomoloji
entomological in Ukrainian: Ентомологія
entomological in Urdu: حشریات
entomological in Chinese: 昆虫学
entomological in Slovak: Entomológia
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